The Javan rhino is one of the rarest large mammals in the world. Its weight usually exceeds 2,000 kilograms, and the body can be up to 4 meters in length and 1.7 meters in height. According to scientists’ estimates, it is currently an endangered species. The main threat to the Javan rhino is poaching. It is killed for the horn and other parts of the body used in folk medicine.
The population of this species has dramatically decreased over the past 150 years. Formerly, the Javan rhinoceros inhabited the area from Indonesia, through Southeast Asia, to India and China. Unfortunately, as a result of poaching, their population has drastically decreased. In 2010, the last surviving Javanese rhinoceros was shot dead in the Cat Tien National Park in Vietnam. The following year, this species was declared extinct in Vietnam. Currently, the only specimens of the Javan rhinoceros live in the national park on the Ujung Kulon peninsula in Java. There are about 46-66 individuals of this species there.
The Javan rhinoceros is one of the five most endangered species of rhino in the world. It was entered in the Red List of Threatened Species (IUCN).