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LET'S SAVE OUR PLANET

SAY STOP TO THE MASS PRODUCTION

Over a hundred years ago one of the most revolutionary achievements in the economic history of the world was discovered – the factory machine belt. Technological development keeps constantly changing the way human produces things.
Nowadays, in almost every field we use mass production. This kind of system of creating the product is based on the continuation of work. Products are always on the move, passing through the next stages. But for this mass production to even exist, we needed new creators and inventors of new technologies and machines.

           Thanks to this, it was able to achieve such a large scale. Mass production has both advantages and disadvantages. Although today the world cannot imagine existing without it, it should be remembered that production lines must always be individually adapted. The advantage of mass production is undoubtedly the reduction of costs. Repeatability of work enables the production of identical products of identical quality. The constant and regular performance of the same tasks has a large impact on the improvement of the production system. However, the high similarity of products often reduces their competitiveness. Neither can all kinds of products be manufactured in mass production processes.
The first industrial revolution took place in the 18th century. Its beginning is derived from harnessing the power of steam and the mechanization of production. And that made the world grow. The fourth industrial revolution is already underway. Often referred to as “Industry 4.0”. The productions have been computerized, there is a possibility of automation. And hence? This happens without human input. This development caused people to be dismissed from work due to their gradual replacement by machines.

          Under the influence of new communication techniques, with the increasing level of prosperity, our way of life has acquired the characteristics of consumerism. Chasing it, imitating it leads to an argument, divides society. The beginnings of modern consumerism date back to the 19th and the first half of the 20th century. Both the industrial revolution and the development of mass production initiated changes in the standard of living of society. Humankind wants more and more and faster, we want it now. The pursuit of goods, new services, grew rapidly. Human relations began to boil down to the exchange of services. And so the consumer society is constantly developing. It is based precisely on the idea of ​​mass production. Where profit is the most important, overthrowing needs. Both, the society and Earth are subordinated to profit maximization. And the process is still ongoing. Because consumerism is a desire for profit and impressions. And the pursuit of it is taking the world in the wrong direction. Because by such activities, the resources of the Earth or human resources are unfortunately destroyed. Mass consumerism has a negative impact on many areas of life. Nowadays, it causes many problems for our planet. And our planet has to deal with them. Mass production affects both the planet and human health. These are interrelated factors. Because when the planet is not “healthy”, neither will man. After all, this is a home that everyone should care for. Unfortunately, mass production leads to degradation.

            The environmental costs of consumerism are rising at an alarming rate. According to the United Nations, the mass of electro-waste alone is growing worldwide by 40 million tons per year. The production of plastics is growing every year. According to global analyzes presented in Science Advances – “since the 1950s, the moment when the mass production technology of plastics was launched, a total of over 9.1 billion tons of plastics have been produced. Most ended up in landfills and in the environment. ‘ And most of the plastic produced in the world is intended for the production of packaging. Recycling is important, but it will not reduce the scale of production. The problem of throwing away plastic will still concern us. Discarded plastic is expected to accumulate in the environment, damaging the planet and human health. According to scientists, by 2050, over 13 billion tonnes of plastic waste will be deposited in the environment and in landfills. Probably each of us has seen the litter and plastic in the world’s oceans and waters. Plastic pollution is a global problem. This brings with it a great risk, and mass production plays a big part in it.

           The clothing industry is booming. Every year it brings more and more profits. The demand for designer clothes continues to grow. But few people know that this industry is one of the most polluting sectors. And the world uses about 150 billion pieces of clothes a year. Mass production and consumption of textiles is ruining the environment. A society that is used to constantly buying new clothes does not realize that every second in the world a garment truck ends up in the garbage. And to the store – new, different clothes. However, these wastes are mostly non-biodegradable. So they need even 200 years to be absorbed by the environment. The process of washing clothes also has very negative effects. The one made of synthetic fibers releases them into waters all over the world. Much of the plastic in the seas and oceans comes from the clothing industry. Artificial fibers from which the clothes are made have a harmful effect on the environment. However, natural fibers are also not safe. Almost half of the clothing is made of cotton. And its cultivation requires a lot of pesticides. These, in turn, have a negative effect on animals and people. A large proportion of the cotton crop is genetically modified. The problem is also in dyeing clothes. It is the primary source of water pollution. Mass production has accustomed the public to quick and cheap replacement of clothes. Regardless of its effects on health and nature. The United Nations released a report that firmly stated that mankind has contributed to the listing of one million species of animals and plants on the endangered list. And it was significantly influenced by the clothing industry.


         The industrial revolution also affected the food industry. This advancement has not worked in favour of product quality. Agriculture and food production began to be profit-oriented. Mass production of cheap, low-quality food has begun. The surplus of cheap food products made it no longer profitable to produce healthy organic food. Bulk food flooded the world and its composition began to be improved through preservatives and chemicals. It had little to do with real food. The only advantage was the profitability of production. The production of frozen food, ready-made and processed products began. In order to obtain high profits, new chemicals were used to control diseases, weeds and parasites. Unfortunately, this happened at the expense of the environment and our health. Over the years, the diet has changed significantly. Man is not fully aware of what food production looks like. Beautiful, clean products invite you from store shelves. We will not know from the label how it was produced. Mass production today means large factories and processing plants. And we will not read about the health and ecological consequences in the store. Both people and animals bear the costs.


         Consumerism wastes the world’s natural resources and goods. After all, mass production leads to the rapid production of certain products, and society quickly exchanges them for new ones. The old ones are taken to landfills, disposed of or destroyed. All of this leads to pollution. It’s kind of a trap. Today, people are enslaved by consumerism. They don’t see the consequences behind it. Even if they are not visible to the naked eye now, they will be felt for future generations. That is why it is worth taking some steps and fighting for a common planet. Consider what we really need, how we eat and whether we properly care for the environment. One man will not change the entire planet. But you can fix a lot together. Maybe by saving energy, water, segregating waste and limiting its production. Maybe by eating eco-certified food. Maybe by restricting meat consumption. Or maybe limiting clothing purchases. Just try it. So that the condition of our planet could improve. So that mass production does not flood its entire surface, and consumerism does not take over our mind.

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