An analysis of the WWF Living Planet Report 2020 shows that in less than half a century, the total population of wild vertebrates on Earth has decreased by two-thirds. The most important cause of extinction is environmental degradation and as a result of it, the destruction of their natural habitats, including forests.
Living Planet Report 2020 is an analysis of the state of the natural environment, prepared by the non-governmental environmental organization WWF. It was created in cooperation with over 125 experts from around the world. This year’s index covered nearly 21,000 populations and over 4,000 species of vertebrates between
1970 and 2016. Globally, the average population size of mammals, birds, amphibians, reptiles, and fish decreased by 68%. The worst situation is in Latin America, with a decline of 94%, and preferably in Europe and Central Asia, where the population declined by 24%.
Among the endangered species and subspecies included in the report are the eastern lowland gorilla. Its population in the Kahuzi-Biega National Park in the The Democratic Republic of the Congo decreased by 87% between 1994 and 2015,because of illegal hunting. Another species is the gray parrot that lives in southwestern Ghana. The number in the years 1992–2014 decreased by as much as 99 percent due to habitat loss and trapping for illegal sale.
For the restoration of the natural environment to be possible, ambitious conservation measures must be taken, and the system of food production and consumption should be changed, inform WWF experts.